Search engine for discovering works of Art, research articles, and books related to Art and Culture
ShareThis
Javascript must be enabled to continue!

Divergent semantic integration (DSI): Extracting creativity from narratives with distributional semantic modeling

View through CrossRef
AbstractWe developed a novel conceptualization of one component of creativity in narratives by integrating creativity theory and distributional semantics theory. We termed the new construct divergent semantic integration (DSI), defined as the extent to which a narrative connects divergent ideas. Across nine studies, 27 different narrative prompts, and over 3500 short narratives, we compared six models of DSI that varied in their computational architecture. The best-performing model employed Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT), which generates context-dependent numerical representations of words (i.e., embeddings). BERT DSI scores demonstrated impressive predictive power, explaining up to 72% of the variance in human creativity ratings, even approaching human inter-rater reliability for some tasks. BERT DSI scores showed equivalently high predictive power for expert and nonexpert human ratings of creativity in narratives. Critically, DSI scores generalized across ethnicity and English language proficiency, including individuals identifying as Hispanic and L2 English speakers. The integration of creativity and distributional semantics theory has substantial potential to generate novel hypotheses about creativity and novel operationalizations of its underlying processes and components. To facilitate new discoveries across diverse disciplines, we provide a tutorial with code (osf.io/ath2s) on how to compute DSI and a web app (osf.io/ath2s) to freely retrieve DSI scores.
Title: Divergent semantic integration (DSI): Extracting creativity from narratives with distributional semantic modeling
Description:
AbstractWe developed a novel conceptualization of one component of creativity in narratives by integrating creativity theory and distributional semantics theory.
We termed the new construct divergent semantic integration (DSI), defined as the extent to which a narrative connects divergent ideas.
Across nine studies, 27 different narrative prompts, and over 3500 short narratives, we compared six models of DSI that varied in their computational architecture.
The best-performing model employed Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT), which generates context-dependent numerical representations of words (i.
e.
, embeddings).
BERT DSI scores demonstrated impressive predictive power, explaining up to 72% of the variance in human creativity ratings, even approaching human inter-rater reliability for some tasks.
BERT DSI scores showed equivalently high predictive power for expert and nonexpert human ratings of creativity in narratives.
Critically, DSI scores generalized across ethnicity and English language proficiency, including individuals identifying as Hispanic and L2 English speakers.
The integration of creativity and distributional semantics theory has substantial potential to generate novel hypotheses about creativity and novel operationalizations of its underlying processes and components.
To facilitate new discoveries across diverse disciplines, we provide a tutorial with code (osf.
io/ath2s) on how to compute DSI and a web app (osf.
io/ath2s) to freely retrieve DSI scores.

Related Results

Automating creativity assessment with SemDis: An open platform for computing semantic distance
Automating creativity assessment with SemDis: An open platform for computing semantic distance
AbstractCreativity research requires assessing the quality of ideas and products. In practice, conducting creativity research often involves asking several human raters to judge pa...
Octahedral Creativity Framework
Octahedral Creativity Framework
Abstract Currently, Rhodes’ 4p framework of creativity is the most widely accepted framework to understand creativity. In spite of this, there are many new theories ...
The Big Question in Creativity Research: The Transcendental Source of Creativity
The Big Question in Creativity Research: The Transcendental Source of Creativity
Abstract In this commentary, I raise an etiological question, which has been virtually excluded from the horizon of contemporary scholarship. In spite of a long hist...
Knowing Creativity. Commentary on Glăveanu, V. (2014). The Psychology of Creativity: A Critical Reading
Knowing Creativity. Commentary on Glăveanu, V. (2014). The Psychology of Creativity: A Critical Reading
Abstract In this commentary an indispensable aspect of creativity, knowing creativity, is articulated as a response to Glăveanu’s (2014) inquiry into advancement of ...
Creativity as the Act of Transcending Oneself and the World: from Creativity to Transcendence
Creativity as the Act of Transcending Oneself and the World: from Creativity to Transcendence
Abstract The text aims to present how creativity and creative behaviours, understood as an act of transcending oneself and the world, can positively influence the fi...
Evaluating Digital Games for Competitive Music Composition
Evaluating Digital Games for Competitive Music Composition
Digital games are a fertile ground for exploring novel computer music applications. While the lineage of game-based compositional praxis long precedes the advent of digital compute...
Mapping Adolescents’ Everyday Creativity
Mapping Adolescents’ Everyday Creativity
Abstract Spontaneous creative activity among adolescents has been overlooked in creativity literature. This article overviews everyday creativity in adolescence, wit...

Back to Top